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Regulations on Techonlogy Import and Export Administration of the People's Republic of China (2002)

Legal Liabilities

Article 46.   Where a technology prohibited or restricted from import and export is imported or exported without approval shall be prosecuted for criminal liability according to the provisions for the crimes of smuggling, illegal business operation, or divulging national secrets or other crimes under the Criminal Law. Where such import or export is not so serious as to be prosecuted for criminal liability, penalty shall be imposed according to the circumstances pursuant to the relevant provisions of the Customs Law, or the competent foreign trade department under the State Council issues a warning against it, confiscates illegal income and/or imposes a fine one to five times the illegal income. The competent foreign trade department under the State Council may revoke the foreign trade business license.

Article 47.   Any act of importing or exporting technology restricted from import or export by exceeding the scope of business licensed shall be prosecuted for criminal liability according to the provisions for the crime of illegal business operation, or other crimes under the Criminal Law. Where the act of import or export is not so serious as to be prosecuted for criminal liability, penalty shall be imposed according to the circumstances pursuant to the relevant provisions of the Customs Law, or the competent foreign trade department under the State Council issues a warning against it, confiscates illegal income and/or imposes a fine one to three times the illegal income. The competent foreign trade department under the State Council may suspend, and even revoke, the foreign trade business license.

Article 48.   Any act of forging, mutilating, selling or buying technology import and export licenses or certificates of registration of contract for technology import and export shall be prosecuted for criminal liability according to the provisions for the crime of illegal business operation, or for the crimes of forging, mutilating, selling or buying official documents, certificates, and seals of State authority under the Criminal Law. Where the act of import or export is not so serious as to be prosecuted for criminal liability, penalty shall be imposed according to the circumstances pursuant to the relevant provisions of the Customs Law. The competent foreign trade department under the State Council may revoke the foreign trade business license.

Article 49.   Where a technology import and export license is acquired by fraudulent or any other illegal means, the competent foreign trade department under the State Council shall cancel the technology import and export license, and suspend and even revoke the business license for foreign trade.

Article 50.   Where a contract for technology import and export is registered by fraudulent or any other illegal means, the competent foreign trade department under the State Council shall cancel the certificate of registration of contract for technology import and export, and suspend and even revoke business license for foreign trade.

Article 51.   Any employee of technology import and export administration acts in violation of the provisions of these Regulations, divulges any State secret or trade secret known to him shall be prosecuted for criminal liability according to the provisions for the crime of divulging State secret or infringing trade secret under the Criminal Law. Where the act is not so serious as to be prosecuted for criminal liability, he shall be imposed the administrative penalty according to law.

Article 52.   Any employee of technology import and export administration who abuses his official power, ignores his duty, or takes advantage of his official position to seek or seize financial and property gains from others shall be prosecuted for criminal liability according to the provisions for the crime of abusing official power, ignoring duty, taking bribe, or any other crime under the Criminal Law. Where the act is not so serious as to be prosecuted for criminal liability, he shall be imposed the administrative penalty according to law.