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Registration of Internet Domain Names

Legal Basis

China Internet Domain Name Regulations promulgated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the PRC, which was adopted on December 20, 2004.

CNNIC Implementing Rules of Domain Name Registration promulgated by the China Internet Network Information Center, which was adopted on May 29, 2012.

CNNIC ccTLD Dispute Resolution Policy promulgated by the China Internet Network Information Center, which was adopted on November 21, 2014.

Rules for CNNIC ccTLD Dispute Resolution Policy promulgated by the China Internet Network Information Center, which was adopted on November 21, 2014.

Related Institutions

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the PRC is the competent governmental authority responsible for the domain name management.

The China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) is authorized by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the PRC as domain name registration administrative organ, namely domain name registry. The CNNIC is responsible for the management of the country code top level domain of China and Chinese domain name system. It maintains the central database.

The domain name registration service provider accredited by the CNNIC, namely domain name registrar, accepts and reviews domain name registration applications filed by users or through registration agencies, and completes the registration process in the domain name database.

The domain name registration agency refers to the entity that accepts the domain name registration applications on behalf of the domain name registrar.

The domain name dispute resolution service provider refers to the institute authorized by the CNNIC to resolve the domain name disputes.

Domain Name System

1. Domain names shall be composed of English letters (A-Z, a-z, capital letters are equal to small ones), numerals (0-9), hyphen (-) or Chinese characters. Different levels of domains shall be connected with a dot (.). When Chinese characters are used, different levels of domains can also be connected with a Chinese full stop (。).

2. The country code top level domain (ccTLD) of China is CN. Under this top level domain, there are two categories of English second level domains, i.e. sort domains and regional domains.

- Sort domains are designed for different kind of organizations, including:

AC --- for Scientific Research Institutions;

COM --- for Industrial, Commercial or Finance Companies;

EDU --- for Educational Institutions;

GOV --- for Governmental Agencies;

NET --- for Internet Service Providers; and

ORG --- for not-for-profit Organizations.

- Regional domains are designed for geographical locations, including 34 regional domains designated for each provinces, municipalities and special administrative zones of China. For example, "bj" is for Beijing and "sh" is for Shanghai.

3. Domain names in English letters or Chinese characters can also be registered under the top level domain CN directly.

4. Currently, in addition to the top level domain CN, the CNNIC offers .中国(China) domain name. Chinese domain names, namely domain names using Chinese characters, can be registered under the .中国(China) domain name.

Domain Name Restrictions

Domain names shall not contain any of the following contents:

1. those that are against the basic constitutional principles;

2. those jeopardize national security, leak state secrets, intend to overturn the government, or disrupt of state integrity;

3. those harm national honor and national interests;

4. those instigate hostility or discrimination between different nationalities, or disrupt the national solidarity;

5. those violate the state religion policies or propagate cult and feudal superstition;

6. those spread rumors, disturb public order or disrupt social stability;

7. those spread pornography, obscenity, gambling, violence, homicide, terror or instigate crimes;

8. those insult, libel against others and infringe other people's legal rights and interests; and

9. other contents prohibited in laws, rules and administrative regulations. 

Application for Domain Name Registration

The first -to-file principle is applied for domain name registrations.

Any natural person or organization that can bear independently its own civil responsibilities has the right to apply for the domain registration under the TLD but exclude the exceptional conditions defined by the implementing rules.

The applicant shall submit the following written materials to registrar when applying for the domain name:

1) ID material of applicant;

2) ID material of the contact of domain name registration;

3) Other materials required by CNNIC.

Registrars shall verify the authenticity, accuracy and integrity of the materials stated as above and submit the written materials stated as above to CNNIC within 1 working day after the valid verification result.

An application for domain name registration shall submit the following information to registrars in written or electronic form:

1) The domain name applied;

2) The host names and IP addresses of the primary domain name server and the secondary domain name server;

3) The natural person applicant shall submit the name, mailing address, telephone, email; the organizational applicant shall submit the organizational name, organization code certificate, mailing address, email and telephone and so on;

4) names, mailing addresses, e-mails, and telephone numbers of the applicant’s domain name technical contact, management contact, payment contact and the principal undertaker;

5) Period for the domain name registration.

Review of Domain Name Registration

The application date shall be the date when CNNIC receives the first valid registration application. CNNIC and the registrars shall inform the applicants of the application dates.

Registrars shall strengthen the review of domain name registration to ensure the domain name registered from the registrar not breach of China Internet Domain Name Regulations. CNNIC reviews the registered domain name.

CNNIC reviews the registered domain name and notifies the registrars to cancel the domain name toward the violation of Article 27 of China Internet Domain Name Regulations and inauthentic, inaccurate and incomplete domain name registration information.

Change/Assignment/Cancellation of Registered Domain Names
 

In case of any changes to the registration information rather than the information of the domain name holder, the domain name holder shall apply to the registrars for registration information changing within thirty days after the changes take place according to the change confirmation way selected when applying for the domain name. The registrars shall submit the changed registration information to CNNIC within three working days after receiving the changes from the domain name holder. The registrars shall not make changes to any client’s registration information without the consent of the domain name holder.

Any organization that applies for domain name transfer shall submit the valid and effective application form for domain name transfer and identification. Registrars shall audit when receiving the materials above within three working days and change the domain name holder after the qualified auditing result.

Any organization that applies for domain name cancellation shall submit the valid and effective application form for domain name cancellation and identification documents. Registrars shall audit when receiving the materials above within three working days and cancel the domain name holder after the qualified auditing result.

Domain Name Operation Fee

The registrars shall, in accordance with the Regulations, charge the domain name holder for operation of the domain name.